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History of KARACHI, PAKISTAN

History of KARACHI, PAKISTAN





karate originally was a small fishermen village settled by the Valek tribes from Baluchistan and macron their first settlement was near the Delta of the Indus River which they named as kolache bulik the people of the original community yet inhabit the area on small island of Abdullah Gough situated near Karachi fort the well-known neighborhood my kolache of Karachi still reminds the original name of the city at the end of 1700 century the settlers of cahuachi village started trading across the sea with Muscat and the Persian Gulf region later the village started to grow as a commercial hub in the port for trade for the projection of this developing area a small fort was constructed this port was handed over to the rulers of Sindh by the Khan of Kalat in 1795 the British recognized the importance of the city as the trade post so they captured the city and sent province in February 1843 under the command of Sir Charles Napier in the city was annexed as a district of the British Indian empire in 1846 it was home to around 9,000 citizens the city experienced a cholera epidemic in the same year in a Conservancy board was established in the city to protect the people from this disease this
The Conservancy board was converted into a municipal Commission in 1852 and it was again upgraded as a municipal committee in 1853 these natural harbors started to flourish his bustling port under the British rule on September 10 1857 the 21st Native Infantry stationed in Karachi revolted against the British in its first Indian war for independence but the plan was busted by the British who regain the control over the city very quickly in 1864 the first tilde graphic message was sent by a direct Telegraph connection between Karachi and London in 1878 the city was connected by a railway line to the rest of India and consequently public building projects like Frere Hall 1865 the Emprise market 1894 started in 
the city Muhammad Ali Jinnah the founder of Pakistan was born in the city in 1876 and a famous is mainly Koga family the Bombay District Municipal Act 1837 was extended to sold in 1878 in the urban area of Karachi was included in the city the municipality started to collect house tax on property owners being first municipality to collect the jacks in the subcontinent by the end of 19th century the city was home to around one hundred and five thousand people and it was a cosmopolitan city of Hindus and Muslims communities as well as Jews farces Iranians Lebanese and gold merchants in 1900 due to the street congestion India s first tramway system was constructed in this bustling city that time Karachi was famous for its railway tram network churches mosques courthouses markets faiths streets in a magnificent Harbor Karachi City Municipal Act was propagated in 1933 and the municipality of Karachi was given the status of Municipal Corporation at the same time the status of President and vice-president were replaced by mayor Andy Maher respectively it consisted by 57 councillors residing in Karachi and who were from different communities of Muslims Hindus and farces
in 1933
MR. James Nazar Baum G was elected as the first mayor of the city who had earlier served as elected president for about 20 years the city was declared as the capital of the newly formed Sim province in 1936 when Pakistan was declared as a separate country in 1947 Karachi was chosen as the capital of Pakistan during this period the city offered shelter to a huge influx of migrants and refugees that came from the Indian province in 1960 the capital of Pakistan was first moved to Rawalpindi and then to Islamabad still Karachi never lost its importance as the economic centre of Pakistan the Municipal Corporation of Karachi was upgraded to Metropolitan Corporation in 1976 again on 14th August 2001 city district government of Karachi was reorganized in 18 town administrations and 178 union councils

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