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Zaheeruddin Muhammad Babar

                      Zaheeruddin Muhammad Babar

                                        Zaheeruddin Muhammad Babar
Zaheer-Ud-Din Muhammad Babar was the founder of the in India. Mother affectionately called him Babar (Lion). His father Omar Sheikh Mirza was the ruler of Fergana (Turkistan). Timur on the father's side and Genghis Khan on the mother's side. Thus in his veins was the blood of two great conquerors. Your father died when you were twelve years old. Uncles and aunts started a riot which upset him for eleven years. Sometimes he would seize the throne and sometimes he would run away and hide in the forests. He finally became the ruler of Balkh and Kabul in 1504. From here it began to expand its occupation of India.

                                                 First Battle of Panipat: April 21, 1526

First Battle of Panipat: April 21, 1526

Between the Mughal emperor Zaheer-ud-Din Babar and Sultan Ibrahim Lodhi Shah of Delhi in 1526 in the field of Panipat. Sultan Ibrahim Lodhi's army consisted of one lakh soldiers. And there were only twelve thousand men with Babar. But Babar himself was an experienced general and well-versed in martial arts. Sultan Ibrahim Lodhi's army fought fiercely. But defeated. Sultan Ibrahim Lodhi was not popular among his nobles and army. He was a sceptical man, innumerable princes had been killed by him, which is why Daulat Khan Lodhi, the ruler of Punjab, invited Babar to invade India and assured him of financial and military help.

When Babar and Ibrahim Lodhi came face to face, the Lodhi army dispersed very quickly. Sultan Ibrahim Lodhi was killed and Babar was victorious. After his victory in the Battle of Panipat, Babar founded the Mughal Empire in India. Babar entered Delhi victoriously. Here he was received by Ibrahim Lodhi's mother Boa Begum. Babar gave her the status of a mother with great politeness and respect. After seizing the throne of Delhi, he first suppressed the internal revolt and then conquered Gwalior, Hissar, the state of Mewat, Bengal, and Bihar. His rule extended from Kabul to Bengal and from the Himalayas to Gwalior. He died in Agra on December 26, 1530, and was buried in Kabul as per his will. His great-grandson Jahangir built a magnificent building on his tomb, known as Babar Bagh. From the age of twelve until his death, this brave king did not let go of the sword and finally succeeded in laying the foundation of a permanent government in India for his next generation. Tazak Babri is his famous work which shows that he was not only the master of the sword but also the king of the pen. He was also a poet of Persian and Turkish languages ​​and had a keen interest in music.



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