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Afghanistan Reality and History

Afghanistan  Reality and History

Afghanistan  Reality and History

Afghanistan sits in a strategic position in the parliaments of Central Asia, the Indian subcontinent, and the Middle East. Despite its mountainous terrain and tremendous independent inhabitants, the country has been invaded all over the country at this time.

Today, Afghanistan is once again plunged into war, killing NATO troops and the current government against the current government and its allies.

Afghanistan is an interesting but violent country, where the East meets the West.

Capitals and big cities

Capital: Kabul, population 3,475,000 (2013 estimate)

Kandahar, population 491,500

Herat, 436,300

Mazar-e-Sharif, 375,000

Kunduz, 304,600 

Jalalabad, 205,000

Government of Afghanistan

Afghanistan is a republic led by a president. The Afghan president can serve a maximum of two 5-year terms. Ashraf Ghani was elected in 2014. Hamid Hamid Karzai had earlier made two conditions as president. The National Assembly is a bicameral legislature, with 249 members in the House of Representatives (House of Representatives) and 102 members in the House of Representatives (Senate). The nine presidents of the Supreme Court (Star Mahakama) have been appointed on 10-year terms. These appointments have been approved by the Wolesi Jirga.

Afghanistan population 

Afghanistan's population is estimated at 32.6 million. Afghanistan is home to many ethnic groups.

Official languages

The official languages ​​of Afghanistan are Dari and Pashto, both of which are Indo-European languages ​​in the Iranian subfamily. Both written Dari and Pashto use modified Arabic handwriting. Other Afghan languages ​​include Hazarazi, Uzbek, and Turkmen. Darya is the Afghan language of Persian. It is very similar to Iranian Dari, with slight differences in pronunciation and pronunciation. Both sides are reasonable. About 33% of Afghans speak Dari as their first language. About 40% of Afghans speak the Pashtun tribal language. It is also spoken in the Pashtun areas of West Pakistan.


The majority of Afghanistan's population is Muslim, about 99 percent. About 80% are Sunni

and 19% are Shia.The final includes a one percent 20,000 flow, 3,000-5,000 Christians. Only one Bukhara Judah man, Zapuche Semenov, survived by 2005. All other members of the Jewish Jewish community fled when the Soviets invaded Afghanistan in 1979. By the mid-1980s, Afghanistan had a population of 30,000 to 150,000 Hindus and Sikhs. During the Taliban regime, the Hindu minority was forced to wear public badges when they went out in public, and Hindu women wore Islamic-style hijabs. Today, only a few Hindus will remain.


Afghanistan has a small border with China in the northeast of Afghanistan, Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan, and Tajikistan, and a country bound to Iran in the Middle East and South. Its total area is 647,500 square kilometers (approximately 250,000 square miles). Most of Afghanistan is in the Hindu mountains, which lie in some fewer desert areas. The highest point is Absalom, 7,486 meters (24,560 feet). At 258 meters (846 feet), the Amu Darya River is the lowest of the river. A powerful and mountainous country, Afghanistan has little agriculture. 12% is comfy, and only 0.2% covers permanent crops.


Afghanistan's climate is very dry and climatic, with varying temperatures. The average January temperature in Kabul is 0 degrees Celsius (32 degrees Fahrenheit), while the noon temperature in July often reaches 38 degrees Celsius (100 degrees Fahrenheit). In summer, Jalalabad can kill 46 cells (115 Fahrenheit). Most of the population coming to Afghanistan comes in the form of winter snow. The annual average across the country is only 25-30 cm (10 to 12 inches), but snowfall in mountain valleys can reach depths of more than 2 meters. Desert experiments are carried by riders up to 177 kilometers (110 miles per hour).


Afghanistan is one of the poorest countries in the world. Percent GDP is 00 1.0000 US, and about 36% of the population lives below the poverty line. Afghanistan's economy receives a large amount of foreign aid every year, totaling billions of dollars a year. It is undergoing rehabilitation, with more than five million homeless people and the return of new construction projects. Is the country's most valuable export force; Elimination efforts have been successful. Other exports include wheat, cotton, wool, hand-woven carpets, and precious stones. Afghanistan imports most of its food and energy. Agriculture accounts for 80% of wages, industry, and 10% of employees in services. The unemployment rate is 35%. The currency is the Afghani. By 2016, $ 1 US = 69 AFN.

History of Afghanistan

The history of Afghanistan is 50,000 years old

It spread to early cities like Mandigak and Balkh about 5,000 years ago; His possibility was linked to the Aryan culture of India. Around 700 BC, the Medal Empire extended its rule in Afghanistan. Medals were an Iranian people, rivals of the Persians. By 550 BC, the Persians had evicted the Medinans, to establish the Achaemenid dynasty. In the past, Alexander the Great invaded Afghanistan in 328 BC, establishing (Balkh) as his capital as well as his empire. The Greeks were deported by the Iranians about 150 km away and later by the Partisans. The Parsis controlled the Sassanids until about 300 Christians. At that time most were Hindus, Buddhists, or agriculturists, but the Arab invasion in 642 introduced Islam. The Arabs defeated the Sassanids and ruled until 870 when they were again driven out by Persia. In 1220, the Mongol warriors under Ganjiz Khan conquered Afghanistan, and the descendants of the Mongols would dominate much of the region until 1747.

In 1747, the Durrani dynasty was founded by Shah Durrani, an ethnic Pashtun. He pointed out the origins of modern Afghanistan. The nineteenth-century increased Russian and British competition for influence in the "Great Game" in Central Asia. Britain fought two wars with the Afghan people. The first war was from 1839 to 1842, the second war was from 1878 to 1880. The British first went to the ANGA in the Afghan war but later took over Afghanistan's foreign relations. Afghanistan was neutral in World War I, but Crown Prince Habibullah was assassinated in 1919 to end pro-British ideology. Later that year, Afghanistan invaded India and British forces demanded control of Afghanistan's foreign affairs. By the time Habibullah's younger brother Amanullah rejected his election in 1919, his uncle, Nadir Khan, had become king but had been imprisoned only four years earlier. Nadir Khan's son, Muhammad Zahir Shah, then seized the throne From 1933 to 1973. He was thrown into a whip by his cousin Sardar David, who declared the country a republic. David was replaced in 1978 by the Soviet-backed PDPA, which laid the foundations for a Marxist rule. The Soviets took advantage of the political instability to invade in 1979. They will last for ten years. The militants have ruled since 1989 until the extremist Taliban took power in 1996. The Taliban government was overthrown by US-led forces in 2001 in support of Osama bin Laden and al Qaeda. An Afghan government was established, backed by the UN Security Council's International Security Assistance Force. The new government enlisted the help of US-led NATO troops to fight Taliban insurgents and shadow governments. The US war in Afghanistan officially ended on December 28, 2014.

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